Caveman’s brief look into modern front-end

modern front-end

Well, it might seem surprising, given what this blog is usually about, but during most of my career my main focus was… in front-end development. Yup, JavaScript and friends. It wasn’t the only thing I did, but definitely the biggest one. After moving to Canada focus shifted a little bit: I still do occasional front-end tasks for our web project, which started back in 2009, but basically last 2 years I’m on a server side. Continue reading “Caveman’s brief look into modern front-end”

Web application firewalls

Our company is obsessed with IT security, so even though that’s not really my area, every other week I hear something new about the subject, whether I like it or not. However, sometimes interesting thing happen, when I learn about something I’ve been using for years, but only now realized that it actually has a name. I’m talking about Web Application Firewalls. Continue reading “Web application firewalls”

Quick intro to etcd

etcd logo

It feels like last months I focused way too much on debugging and .NET Core  and stopped paying attention to topic I enjoyed to blog about over the last year – DevOps and distributed applications. That doesn’t feel right and in order to fix that I’ll play with something new today. For instance, with etcd.

During my romance with distributed apps, etcd always was somewhere near. It came up as alternative to Consul when I was experimenting with service discovery and configuration management. At some point etcd also comes up as a storage where Kubernetes stores its cluster data. Etcd is everywhere! So I think it worth understanding what that is and how it looks like.

Continue reading “Quick intro to etcd”

Examining NodeJS core dump with llnode and lldb

Learning how to analyze .net core dumps on Linux with lldb and SOS plugin was really rewarding experience. It just feels good knowing that I can see managed stacks, objects and threads in something that looks very native and unmanaged. I saw there are also lldb plugins for Python and Java, but… can I do the same for NodeJS and JavaScript? Well,

OfCourse

There’s llnode plugin which does exactly that. Today I’m not going to go deeply into how it works – it’s not in the focus of my daily job now. But it’s still interesting to get a feeling of it. So, let’s dive right in. Continue reading “Examining NodeJS core dump with llnode and lldb”

The mystery of “Debug adapter process has terminated unexpectedly”

VS Code

Interesting story happened to me the other day. Visual Studio Code, my primary C# editor on Linux, suddenly stopped working. Well, it’s debugger did. Whenever I put a breakpoint and started debugging, nice friendly message would appear in the top of the editor, saying:

Debug adapter process has terminated unexpectedly

And it all worked just fine before. As recently I installed a whole bunch of new tools on my Ubuntu, such as lldb, perf and lttng, I played with removing and re-adding them again, reinstalling VS Code itself, but nothing seemed to help. Surprisingly, another C# IDE that supports Linux – JetBrains Rider – also failed to debug the projects I needed (worked fine with few others, though), so I had no other choice but try to get to the bottom of it, or at least make VS Code work again. Continue reading “The mystery of “Debug adapter process has terminated unexpectedly””

Sending .NET Core app metrics to Graphite with StatsD

time valueIt’s been more than a year since I connected a small piece of JavaScript to collectd plugin and started to gather our CI’s monitoring data and store it in Graphite. Surprisingly, the whole thing worked like a charm. Even the JavaScript component.

However, the time comes when I need to collect even more data coming from inside of long running apps, so JavaScript + collectd pair is no longer an option. What might work is those apps sending their metrics directly to Graphite server. After all, it can accept data in plain string format via TCP, so that shouldn’t be hard. Continue reading “Sending .NET Core app metrics to Graphite with StatsD”

How to unit test.. a server with goss

Unit test server with gossI’ve been looking through the latest Technology Radar issue and here’s what I found in its new Techniques section: “TDD’ing containers”. Wow. Mentally, I’m not yet ready to connect TDD to containers, but I took a look at the tools used for that, and those are quite interesting.

The first one is serverspec, which allows running BDD-like tests against local or remote servers or containers. It looks pretty solid, supports multiple OSs and its only downside (for me) is that serverspec is written in Ruby and therefore doesn’t really fit in the stack I normally work with.

The other one – goss – leaves an impression of a multitool, which usually worries me, but here… I’m kind of curious, so let’s have a look. Continue reading “How to unit test.. a server with goss”

Profiling .NET Core app on Linux

flame graphI’m still busy learning how to troubleshoot .NET Core apps on Linux. Now I more or less understand where to start if I need to analyze .NET Core memory usage, but that’s not the most frequent problem we usually have. Most of the time the main problem is high CPU usage, which obviously leads to the question “What this thing’s doing now??”.

On Windows I’d usually start with analyzing application logs, trace files or performance reports. If that wasn’t enough I’d download Perfview tool and profiled running executable itself. How many threads are there? What functions they execute the most? What their call stacks are? And so forth. The only downside of that tool is that I never read its documentation, so whole troubleshooting experience sometimes resembled a meditation on the monitor, worshiping the holy Google and wild guessing.

While logs and traces are obviously there on Linux as well, I was wondering, can I profile the app in the similar way I would do on Windows? The answer is “Oh, yes”. Monitor, worshiping, guessing – it’s all there.

There’re multiple tools to use out there, but the basic toolkit for profiling .NET Core app on Linux seems to be perf utility along with lttng and perfcollect. Let’s have a look at all of them. Continue reading “Profiling .NET Core app on Linux”

Analyzing .NET Core memory on Linux with LLDB

net-linux-memory

Most of the last week I’ve been experimenting with our .NET Windows project running on Linux in Kubernetes. It’s not as crazy as it sounds. We already migrated from .NET Framework to .NET Core, I fixed whatever was incompatible with Linux, tweaked here and there so it can run in k8s and it really does now. In theory.

In practice, there’re still occasional StackOverflow exceptions (zero segfaults, however) and most of troubleshooting experience I had on Windows is useless here on Linux. For instance, very quickly we noticed that memory consumption of our executable is higher than we’d expect. Physical memory varied between 300 MiB and 2 GiB and virtual memory was tens and tens of gigabytes. I know in production we could use much higher than that, but here, in container on Linux, is that OK? How do I even analyze that?

On Windows I’d took a process dump, feed it to Visual Studio or WinDBG and tried to google what’s to do next. Apparently, googling works for Linux as well, so after a few hours I managed learn several things about debugging on Linux and I’d like to share some of them today. Continue reading “Analyzing .NET Core memory on Linux with LLDB”

One-off Kubernetes jobs

Kubernetes jobsSo far all examples I made for Docker in Swarm Mode or Kubernetes blog posts were built around some sort of a service: web server, message queue, message bus. After all, “service” is a main concept in Swarm Mode, and even the whole micro-service application thing has, well, a “service” in it. But what about one-off jobs: maintenance tasks, scheduled events, or anything else, that we need to run just sometimes, not as a service?

Continue reading “One-off Kubernetes jobs”